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Oio Vivo Vodnjanska Buza
Vodnjanska Buza

Varietal oil

Oio Vivo Istrian Bjelica
Istrian Bjelica

Varietal oil

Oio Vivo Zizolera
Zizolera

Varietal oil

Oio Vivo Bòn
Bòn

Blended oil

Oio Vivo Gajardo
Gajardo

Blended oil

Quality Quality

Quality

Quality is our choice. We create high-quality olive oil in balance between man and nature.

Region

The Istrian region, a peninsula on the western coast of Croatia within a Mediterranean climate zone, is exceptionally suitable for growing olives. Even the ancient Romans were aware of that, producing in Istria significant quantities of highly valuable olive oil. The area of Vodnjan, in the south of the Istrian peninsula, with its sunny olive groves, red soil, stone walls and the warm sea air that connects the eastern and western coast of Istria, was known as the region where the most revered olive oil was produced.

Oio Vivo – “the oil that’s alive”, bears an ancient Roman name in honor of the Istro-Roman dialect still in use today in Vodnjan. The name represents millennia of tradition of olive oil production. The result of connecting an excellent geographical location for the cultivation of olive trees, with an innovative approach to the production of olive oil, results in the creation of our high-quality oil.

Factors affecting the quality of the oil:
  • Variety
    Certain varieties have a higher amount of polyphenols such as varietal oil of the Istrian bjelica (more than 450mg / kg), which directly affects the quality of the oil. Level of polyphenols is elevated in other olive oils of indigenous Istrian varieties and ranges between 300-450 mg / kg.
  • Climatic conditions during fruit ripening
    Studies have shown that olive oils from southern Istrian region, with less water and more sunny days a year, have a larger share of polyphenols and thus a higher quality of the oil.
  • The degree of ripeness of fruits
    Harvest time and the ripeness of the fruit significantly affects the level of polyphenols in the olive fruit. The oil is best when harvested early and full ripening has just begun.
  • Method of processing
    It is important that only mechanical procedures are used during milling through a cold process (under 27 ° C) with no refining. This is a typical production methodology for high quality extra virgin olive oil.
  • The system of cultivation and application of agro-technical measures
    The quality of our oils is achieved through growing in clean varietal olive groves, using integrated farming methods with organic fertilizers, as well as incorporating innovations in farming.
 
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Suitability of position

Our olive grove of 56 hectares and 15,000 trees, is situated in a prime location for olive growing, at an altitude of 60-120 m above sea level and only 4.5 km away from the north Adriatic. Lying between Vodnjan in the north, and Pula in the south in the southern part of the Istrian peninsula, it enjoys the beneficial breezes of warm sea air from the Rasa Bay in the east and the Brijuni Islands in the west.

Altitude

60-120 m.n.v.

 

Distance from the sea

4,5 km

Number of trees

15 000

 

Age

8 years

Varieties

Olive grove is divided into a regular orthogonal grid, (recalling the Roman legacy of land centuriation – a method of land measurement), within which five native olive varieties, plus the the two Italian ones, are cultivated.

 

Indigenous varieties:
Busa (5500 trees), Istrian bjelica ( 4500 trees), Rosignola (1250 trees), Zizolera (700 trees), Busa puntosa (600 trees).

 

Foreign varieties:
leccino (2100 trees) and pendolino (650 trees) as the main pollenizer in the olive grove.

Busa

 

Istrian Bjelica

 

Zizolera

 

Rosignola

Busa puntosa

 

Leccino

 

Pendolino

Oio Vivo Harvest
 

Harvest

When to harvest olives is a very important question. The timing of harvest will significantly affect the quality and taste of the oil. The most reveared oils in ancient Roman times were harvested early and displayed a green to green-yellow hue. These oils possessed beautiful fresh flavors and were given the name ex Albis ulivis. Phenolic compounds give olive oil its flavor and aroma, and their effected is reduced with the ripening of the olives, therefore it is very important to follow the process of ripening so that a timely decision on harvest can be made when the levels of polyphenols in fresh olive fruit are highest.

Scheduled time of the next harvest:

Processing

The processing of olives takes place in a few carefully regulated phases: cleaning and washing of the fruits, grinding, mixing the olive dough, separating solid from liquid parts, and separation of the oil mixture to oil and water. The ultimate goal of this procedure is to obtain oil from the olive fruit without cause significant changes in the chemical composition that could affect the oil quality and its biological and nutritional value. The process of mixing the olive dough should be given special attention as it is the very part of the process with a possible significant loss of polyphenols, which will ultimately affect the quality of the oil and its further protection from oxidation.

Storage

Oio Vivo Storage

After the processing, the oil is stored in a fresh and airy space built within the olive grove at a constant temperature in stainless steel tanks which are attached to nitrogen gas that prevents any contact of the oil with air. In this way, oxidation is prevented and the oil keeps its good properties in a long term.

Nutritional properties

Natural olive oil is primarily a fat or a lipid ( 99 % ) insoluble in water and a representative of simple lipids : triglycerides , or esters of fatty acids and glycerols. From a nutritional point of view, lipids are divided into spare lipids that have an energy effect and are stored in the human tissues, and lipids involved in building a body cell. A share of a particular fatty acid in the oil is of particular importance for the assessment of its nutritional value.

It is the small components of olive oil (only 1%) that make a key difference in the biological nutritional value and quality of the oil, and of all the ingredients most important are the polyphenols.



It is the fruit of the olive that is the richest in phenolic compounds - effective natural antioxidants that protect the olive oil from oxidation, thereby contributing to the stability of the oil, and the preservation of its quality and durability.



The share of phenolic compounds in the olive oil is an important parameter in assessing the quality of extra virgin olive oils. We can recognize the phenols by a spicy and bitter taste, the so-called 'green' feel and a specific smell. Trained oil tasters can generally detect the presence of phenolic substances and the harmony in olive oils.



Other highly valuable substances present in extra virgin olive oils are various antioxidants like squalene, tocopherols (vitamin E) and different types of phenolic substances, such as LDL, which protect the human body from oxidation processes, thereby preventing or slowing down the development of chronic degenerative processes that lead to blockage of the blood vessels and eventually the coronary, heart and neurological diseases.

Vodnjanska Buza         Istrian Bjelica         Zizolera